The religion Islam is here for centuries. It was the time when Muslim rule the world. They were not only land lords or rulers but also very nice human being and socialist people. They were also rich so wherever they go, used to create great marvels so that rest will remember them for their brilliance in architecture.
– Built in: 1775
– Design: Ayoubids design
– Special Features & Special Features:
* Walls of the mosque stand 23 meters high and dressed in artificial stone
* Minarets are 73 m high
* Ayoubids design, with four floors.
* Ground floor is 15 m high and square shaped.
* First floor is 8 m high and is octagonal.
* Second floor is 15 m high and it is hexadecagonin shape (16 sides).
* The top floor is 3.2 meters high and is circular.
– Location: Citadel, Cairo, Egypt
– Built by: Commissioned by Muhammad Ali Pasha in memory of his eldest son
– Built in year: Took 27 years. 1830 – 1857
– Special Features & Measurements:
* Largest mosque built in the first half of 19th century
* Animated silhouette and twin minarets
* Most Visible Mosque in Cairo
* Stripped walls were clad with wood painted to look like marble
* Square shaped. 41 x 41 m
* Mosque 52 m and Minarets 82 m high
* Central Dome 21 m high
– Completed in: 1363
– Built by: Sultan Hassan bin Al Nasir
– Special Features & Measurements:
* Most compact and unified monument of Cairo
* A masterpiece of Mamluk Architecture
* Facade is 76 meters long and 36 meters high
* Verses from the Quran in elegant Kufic and Thuluth scripts
The Grand Mosque in Djenne, Mali. Originally built in the 1200’s, allowed to fall into ruins in the 1800s, then rebuilt in 1906 to its original glory, is the largest mud brick building in the world. Annual, post wet season repairs/maintanance are done on the mosque. You can see the workers removing some of the damaged wall to be fixed. The rubble is then loaded onto donkey carts and hauled away, as seen in the photo
The most famous architectural landmark of Male’ is the three-storey Islamic Centre, opened in November 1984. The Center’s Grand Friday Mosque, Masjid-al-Sultan Muhammad Thakurufaanu-al-A’z’am, is the biggest in the Maldives, accommodating more than 5,000 worshippers. The shining golden dome of the mosque is a standout as are also the interior walls decorated with beautiful woodcarvings and Arabic calligraphy. The Center also houses a library and a conference hall.
Akhmad Kadyrov Grozny Central Dome Mosque is located in Grozny, the capital of Chechnya, and bears the name of Akhmad Kadyrov. The mosque design is based on the Blue Mosque in İstanbul. On October 16, 2008, the mosque was officially opened in a ceremony in which Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov spoke and was with Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin. This mosque is one of the biggest in Europe. In this mosque ten thousand Muslims can pray at a time and its minarets reach 60m high and is sixteenth largest mosque in the world.
Sultan Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah , the 5th ruler of the Qutb Shahi dynasty built Charminar in 1591 shortly after he had shifted his capital from Golkonda to what is now known as Hyderabad.. He built this famous structure to commemorate the elimination of a plague epidemic from this city. He is said to have prayed for the end of a plague that was ravaging his city and vowed to build a masjid (Islamic mosque) at the very place where he was praying. In 1591 while laying the foundation of Charminar, Quli Qutb shah prayed: “Oh Allah, bestow unto this city peace and prosperity. Let millions of men of all castes, creeds and religions make it their abode, like fish in the water.” Today one can see the city as evidence of the prayer being answered. The Mosque became popularly known as Charminar because of its four (Persian/Hindi char = four) minarets (Minar (Arabic manara) = spire/tower).
This beautiful colossus in granite, lime, mortar and, some say, pulverised marble, was at one time the heart of the city. Initially the wonderful monument with its four arches was so proportionately planned that when the fort was opened one could catch a glimpse of the bustling Hyderabad city as these Charminar arches were facing the most active royal ancestral streets. There is also a legend of an underground tunnel connecting the palace at Golkonda to Charminar, possibly intended as an escape route for the Qutub Shahi rulers in case of a siege, though the exact location of the tunnel is unknown.
Jama Masjid, commonly known as the Jama Masjid of Delhi, is the principal mosque of Old Delhi in India. Commissioned by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, builder of the Taj Mahal, and completed in the year 1656 AD, it is the largest and best-known mosque in India and ninth largest mosque in the world. It lies at the origin of a very busy central street of Old Delhi, Chandni Chowk. The later name, Jama Masjid, is a reference to the weekly Friday noon congregation prayers of Muslims, Jummah, which are usually done at a mosque, the “congregational mosque”. The courtyard of the mosque can hold up to twenty-five thousand worshipers.
The Id Kah Mosque is a mosque located in Kashgar, Xinjiang, in the western People’s Republic of China. It is the largest mosque in China and twelfth largest mosque in the world . Every Friday, it houses nearly 10,000 worshippers and may accommodate up to 20,000. The mosque was built by Saqsiz Mirza in ca. 1442 (although it incorporated older structures dating back to 996) and covers 16,800 square meters.
– Designed by: Arthur Benison Hubback
– Built in Year: 1917
– Built by: Sultan of Perak
– Special Features:
* Most beautiful mosque of Malaysia
* Total Cost of RM 200.000, high for its times.